The March 2009 issue of AIDS Care, carried details of a study titled ‘Profile of adults seeking voluntary HIV testing and counselling in rural central India: Results from a hospital-based study’ by Nikita Pant Pai and others. A significant finding of the study was the high risk factor for married women.
Some 450 adults visiting the outpatient clinic of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in Sewagram for HIV testing were interviewed. It was found that 32% of those who sought testing were HIV positive.
The study also revealed that very few married women were aware of their husbands' HIV status. More importantly, among married women, the only predictor of seropositivity was being married - in other words, for these women the only risk factor for HIV was that they were married.